Plesk uses patched Qmail. How to compile Qmail with custom patches?


2016-11-16 13:15:43 UTC


2017-04-24 11:16:10 UTC


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Plesk uses patched Qmail. How to compile Qmail with custom patches?

Applicable to:

  • Plesk 10.4 for Linux
  • Plesk 10.x and below for Linux


Download Qmail sources from (for example). Apply Plesk patches which are attached to this article, apply your own patches, and compile Qmail. Complete these steps:

  1. Adjust value of __FD_SETSIZE system constant in typesizes.h and posix_types.h to at least 2000 as described in 213393589 .

  2. Review your custom patches and Plesk patches to determine the custom patch changes and when they should be applied: before Plesk patches, after them, or in the middle before/after some specific patch.

NOTE: For Plesk 8.3 and above Qmail patches should be applied in alphabetical order. For Plesk 8.2, first apply all patch* files and then fr49-quota-patch . For example:

     # cd qmail-1.03
# for patch in ../patches/patch* ; do patch -p0 < $patch ; done
# patch -p0 < ../patches/fr49-quota-patch
  1. Change conf-users and conf-groups files to match changes applied in patch-pe and patch-pf patches. Those files should contain records in format 'groupname GID' or 'username UID'. Below are the commands that will put correct records into these files.

NOTE: These commands should be run on a system where Qmail is already installed, i.e. where Plesk is already installed.

    # grep -E '^(qmail|alias)' /etc/passwd | awk 'BEGIN {FS=":"; OFS=" ";} {if ($1 == "qmaill") {print $1,$3,"\

root 0"} else {print $1,$3}}' > conf-users # grep -E '^(qmail|nofiles)' /etc/group | awk 'BEGIN {FS=":"; OFS=" ";} {print $1,$3}' > conf-groups

  1. Configure linker flags (inside Qmail source directory after patches are applied):

    # pkg-config --libs openssl > ssl.lib
    # echo "/var/qmail" > conf-qmail
    # echo -lssl > ssl.lib
    # echo "/var/qmail" > conf-qmail
  2. Now you can run make\\ .

  3. After compilation, you should NOT overwrite all existing Qmail files with new ones, i.e. do not run make install . Installed configuration files and init script should remain untouched. Instead, only needed Qmail binaries should be replaced with new compiled ones:

  4. Stop Qmail and DrWeb services from Plesk (not from shell!).

  5. Stop xinetd(inetd) service from shell.
  6. Replace files according to your Plesk version:
    - For Plesk 8.2: copy compiled qmail-queue, qmail-remote, qmail-local into Qmail `bin/` directory plus make their copies with `.origin` suffix, for example:

    # cp qmail-queue /var/qmail/bin/qmail-queue
    # cp qmail-queue /var/qmail/bin/qmail-queue.origin
    # cp qmail-local /var/qmail/bin/qmail-local
    # cp qmail-local /var/qmail/bin/qmail-local.origin
    # cp qmail-remote /var/qmail/bin/qmail-remote
    # cp qmail-remote /var/qmail/bin/qmail-remote.origin

    - For Plesk 8.3 and above: copy compiled qmail-queue, qmail-remote, qmail-local into Qmail `bin/` directory with `.moved` suffix (do NOT replace current files!), for example:

    # cp qmail-queue /var/qmail/bin/qmail-queue.moved
    # cp qmail-local /var/qmail/bin/qmail-local.moved
    # cp qmail-remote /var/qmail/bin/qmail-remote.moved

    NOTE: Remember to restore original owners/permissions for the files replaced. Because files owners/permissions may differ on different operating systems, we cannot provide exact commands. Before replacing the binaries remember original owners/permissions and restore them afterwards.
    • Start xinetd(inetd) service
    • Start Qmail and DrWeb services.

Additional Information

NOTE: Before starting the recompilation, it is recommended that you learn original Qmail documentation for specification of the recompilation procedure.

NOTE: For Plesk version 9.5, you may use patches plesk93_qmail_patches.tgz and the same compilation instructions.

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