How to check whether a domain has a correctly set SPF record?
- The most simple solution is to use online tools like the following below:
- To test it manually using command line follow to steps below:
Try to query with a command provided by libspf2 library like as below:
/usr/bin/spfquery_static -ip 10.20.30.40 -sender email@example.com -rcpt-to firstname.lastname@example.org
A correctly set domain will print like this (using Google as an example):
$ /usr/bin/spfquery_static -ip 188.8.131.52 -sender email@example.com -rcpt-to firstname.lastname@example.org
spfquery: domain of gmail.com designates 184.108.40.206 as permitted sender
Received-SPF: pass (spfquery: domain of gmail.com designates 220.127.116.11 as permitted sender) client-ip=18.104.22.168; email@example.com;
A problematic domain looks more like this:
$ /usr/bin/spfquery_static -ip 22.214.171.124 -sender firstname.lastname@example.org -rcpt-to email@example.com
Context: Failed to query MAIL-FROM
ErrorCode: (26) DNS lookup failure
Error: Temporary DNS failure for 'example.com'.
Please see http://www.openspf.org/Why?id=from%40example.com&ip=126.96.36.199&receiver=spfquery : Reason: default
spfquery: 188.8.131.52 is neither permitted nor denied by domain of example.com
Received-SPF: neutral (spfquery: 184.108.40.206 is neither permitted nor denied by domain of example.com) client-ip=220.127.116.11; firstname.lastname@example.org;
To check that DNS server has information about SPF for domain
example.com , use the
# dig -t TXT +short example.com @18.104.22.168
"v=spf1 +a +mx -all +a:server.hostname.tld"
22.214.171.124 IP address of the
server.hostname.tld where DNS server is running.
Note that the SPF information can be written in either TXT format or as a dedicated SPF record. The latter is also sometimes referred to as a "type99" record. The SPF information needs to be in at least one of these formats. If both are used, these records must be exact copies of each other. These records are served by the same DNS server that serves
example.com domain name.
libspf2 performs an SPF check in the following order: - First, it queries the DNS server for an SPF record. - If it is not defined, it tries to query for TXT. - If both attempts fail, it means there is no SPF for this domain.
For more information check Plesk Documentation and Help Portal - Sender Policy Framework System (Linux)